BIOPAC® Systems, Inc. Logo

Pulse Transit Time (PTT), Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) and Pulse Wave Amplitude (PWA)

AcqKnowledge PPG and ECG data for PTT

Pulse Transit Time (PTT) is the time it takes the Pulse Pressure (PP) waveform to propagate through a length of the arterial tree. The pulse pressure waveform results from the ejection of blood from the left ventricle and moves with a velocity much greater than the forward movement of the blood itself. To measure pulse transit time, record the onset of the R-wave with an ECG100C amplifier and record the pulse waveform at the fingertip using a TSD200 and the PPG100C amplifier or wirelessly with BioNomadix. Use AcqKnowledge to determine the cyclic peak time of both waveforms, then subtract the ECG R-wave peak time from the PPG peak time.

See More...

Details

This is one of many ADVANCED FEATURES for the selected Application. Scroll down for hardware options.

To calculate Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) , first measure the distance from the heart to the location of the TSD200 sensor, then divide the distance by the PTT. PWV is related to blood pressure delta (Systsolic – Diastolic) in accordance with the following equation (from Bramwell & Hill, 1922):

PWV = K Sqrt [V (Pd/Vd)]

where:
PWV = Pulse Wave Velocity
K = Constant
V = Initial Vessel Volume
Pd = Pressure Delta
Vd = Vessel Volume Delta

AcqKnowledge software can also measure the Pulse Wave Amplitude (PWA) or Pulse Pressure (PP) on a cycle-by-cycle basis by using the Rate function. The Rate function will identify each pulse waveform and measure the amplitude of the signal and report the result as a new channel. The Rate function is available for on-line and off-line analysis of the pulse waveform.

Record pulse data wirelessly with BioNomadix or with standard wired amplifiers and use calculation channels and the find cycle/peak automated analysis routine in AcqKnowledge to easily calculate and extract pulse transit time and pulse wave velocity values. Results can be displayed as graph channels and the PTT and PWV values can be exported to a spreadsheet for further statistical analysis.

Support

Application Notes

Knowledge Base

Hardware Packages   |   Pulse Transit Time (PTT), Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV) and Pulse Wave Amplitude (PWA)

Hardware Bundles are complete solutions for the specified application. Choose your preferred platform and bundle, then click "Request Pricing" to request an estimate, add/remove items, or complete purchase. If you have questions about specific items, click through to the product web page for details and specifications, or contact your Local Sales contact.

Wired

Wireless

MRI

Animal

Spotlight On
free BIOPAC webinar

Optimize Event-Related EDA

Identify skin conductance responses, convert stim events from E-Prime SuperLab, Presentation, Vizard, etc., into AcqKnowledge events that can used for analysis, and score skin conductance responses using the AcqKnowledge automated EDA analysis tool.

Register Now
Latest News

New Citations | Psychophysiology, Chewing Study, Pulse Wave Velocity

Recent studies in Psychophysiology, EMG, ECG and PPG measurement utilizing BIOPAC software and hardware: Fight or Flight (Reflex Response Time) “Fight or flight” is a physiological response that occurs due to a perceived threat to survival. It can physiologically be observed through an increase in heart rate, respiratory rate, blood pressure, oxygen availability, and other mechanisms. In […]

New Citations | Heart Rate & Heart Rate Variability, Wingate Anaerobic Test, and Neuroscience of Music

HRV, EMG, and EEG studies using BIOPAC hardware and software include: DON’T STRESS Humans encounter various stressful situations everyday at work, home, and school. Such stress when experienced at high degrees and/or for a long duration of time could lead to cardiovascular diseases, cognitive dysfunctions, and psychological disorders. This study examined the validity of a novel physiological measurement […]

Read All
Request a Demonstration
Request a Demonstration