For most biopotential recordings, it is important to provide a low impedance contact with the tissue underneath the skin at the electrode site. Consequently skin should be abraded with pumice, an ELPAD or ELPREP. Alcohol prep pads are generally not preferred because they dry the skin. The purpose of abrasion is to remove dead cells from the outer layer of skin. These cells form an electrical barrier. Electrical communication from the electrode surface to the underlying tissue is most often through a water-based gel. For good recordings, this gel must soak into the skin. As alcohol dries out the skin, it slows the process of establishing the liquid bridge between electrode and tissue.
One exception where abrasion is not recommended is measurement of electrodermal activity (skin conductance). Here skin should be rinsed but neither washed with soap nor abraded. As the conductivity of the skin at the electrode site is the variable to be measured in this case, no steps should be taken to modify that conductance artificially.
The NIBP-A-MRI CareTaker4 system measures relative central arterial pressure to provide continuous, noninvasive “Beat-by-Beat” Blood Pressure from at rest humans (≥ 15 kg) in the MRI; measures include Diastolic, Systolic, Mean Arterial Pressure.; heart rate (HR) data is available. The system uses the scientific method of Pulse Decomposition Analysis (“PDA”). Key features Continuous, noninvasive monitoring […]
BIOPAC’s just released Introductory ECG Guide addresses fundamental to advanced concerns to optimize electrocardiography data recording and analysis. Topics include: ECG Complex; Electrical and Mechanical Sequence of a Heartbeat; Systole and Diastole; Configurations for Lead I, Lead II, Lead III, 6-lead ECG, 12-lead ECG, precordial leads; Ventricular Late Potentials (VLPs); ECG Measurement Tools; Automated Analysis Routines […]
Recent Studies using BIOPACs MP-Series (MP160, MP150) data recorders, ECG Amplifiers, and BioNomadix Wireless recorders: Singing style to infants Mothers around the world sing to infants, presumably to regulate their mood and arousal. Lullabies and playsongs differ stylistically and have distinctive goals. Mothers sing lullabies to soothe and calm infants, and playsongs to engage and […]