For most biopotential recordings, it is important to provide a low impedance contact with the tissue underneath the skin at the electrode site. Consequently skin should be abraded with pumice, an ELPAD or ELPREP. Alcohol prep pads are generally not preferred because they dry the skin. The purpose of abrasion is to remove dead cells from the outer layer of skin. These cells form an electrical barrier. Electrical communication from the electrode surface to the underlying tissue is most often through a water-based gel. For good recordings, this gel must soak into the skin. As alcohol dries out the skin, it slows the process of establishing the liquid bridge between electrode and tissue.
One exception where abrasion is not recommended is measurement of electrodermal activity (skin conductance). Here skin should be rinsed but neither washed with soap nor abraded. As the conductivity of the skin at the electrode site is the variable to be measured in this case, no steps should be taken to modify that conductance artificially.
In this webinar, we will demonstrate recording of high-quality ECG data as well as preparing data for analysis through UST HRV measurements during acute stress, Valsalva maneuver and paced breathing.
You Will Learn – Physiological basis of HRV – Impact of measurement durations on HRV – Recording good quality ECG & preparing data for analysis – Analysis of short and ultra-short duration HRV – Single-epoch and multi-epoch analysis – Focus areas and event-based analysis – Automation with scripting and workflow
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is responsible for regulating the functions of all the body’s organs. Take a look at this month’s citations to see how to apply BIOPAC’s tools and learn techniques for ANS research… Comparable responses to a wide range of olfactory stimulation in women and men. Scientific Reports, 13(1), 9059. Lillqvist, M., Claeson, […]
BIOPAC tools are used for studies in a variety of different fields and disciplines. AcqKnowledge software is one of our universally applicable tools, used by thousands of labs around the world and cited in thousands of peer reviewed publications, such as the following studies… The psychophysiology of guilt in healthy adults. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 1-18. […]