For most biopotential recordings, it is important to provide a low impedance contact with the tissue underneath the skin at the electrode site. Consequently skin should be abraded with pumice, an ELPAD or ELPREP. Alcohol prep pads are generally not preferred because they dry the skin. The purpose of abrasion is to remove dead cells from the outer layer of skin. These cells form an electrical barrier. Electrical communication from the electrode surface to the underlying tissue is most often through a water-based gel. For good recordings, this gel must soak into the skin. As alcohol dries out the skin, it slows the process of establishing the liquid bridge between electrode and tissue.
One exception where abrasion is not recommended is measurement of electrodermal activity (skin conductance). Here skin should be rinsed but neither washed with soap nor abraded. As the conductivity of the skin at the electrode site is the variable to be measured in this case, no steps should be taken to modify that conductance artificially.
BSL Home enables students to conduct hands-on physiology labs in the safety of their own home, dorm room, or any remote location while social distancing and stay-at-home orders keep them out of campus labs Complete lab solution for instructors and students to preserve practical lab experience! For instructors—BSL Home makes it easy for instructors to continue […]
BIOPAC’s ventilator testing equipment and expertise supports STARK Industries’ effort to manufacture, validate, and test NASA JPL’s VITAL Ventilators Goleta, California – June 16, 2020 BIOPAC Systems, Inc. announced a partnership with STARK Industries, LLC to provide ventilator validation and testing equipment for the mass production of ventilators. STARK Industries was awarded a global license […]
Comparing Muscle Movement and Involvement between Boxing Punches In the fast-paced, high-intensity combat sport of boxing, the right punch can win a fight. However, boxing is also a sport where opponents can become exhausted in mere minutes of action, and prioritizing their strength is key to winning a fight. This team recorded EMG on test […]