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Curriculum Title Summary
A01 Frog Prep

Explanation of how to prepare the frog for the following frog experiments: A02, A03, and A04.

A02 Frog Gastrocnemius

Stimulate the frog gastrocnemius muscle and record threshold voltage and contractile responses. Option: Stimulate the muscle via the sciatic nerve.

A03 Frog Sciatic Nerve

Record Compound Action Potentials (CAP) from a dissected frog sciatic nerve.

A04 Frog Heart – Cardiac Rate & Contractility
Record cardiac rate and contractile responses of the surgically exposed frog heart.
Option: Study the effects of chronotropic/inotropic agents on autonomic control of heart rate.
A05 Visceral Smooth Muscle

Study the effects of media ionic composition, temperature, and various pharmacological agents on the contraction of the visceral smooth muscle of the rabbit ileum.

A06 Cockroach Ventral Nerve AP

Record action potentials through a cockroach ventral nerve cord.

A07 Fish Respiration & Q10

Measure the metabolic rate of goldfish at two different temperatures (acclimation temp and acute exposure temp) to demonstrate the Q10 principle.

A08 Earthworm Action Potential

Use extracellular recording techniques to stimulate and record action potentials. Measure conduction velocity and plot Strength vs. Duration.

A09 Turtle Heart

Observe effects of: vagus nerve stimulation; drugs on contraction force; temperature on heart rate and contractility. Optional: record ECG.

A11 Resting Potential – Crayfish Muscle

Follows “Lab 4: Crayfish Resting Potential” from the Crawdad Lab Manual.

A14 CPG Hornworm

Perform extracellular recording on tobacco hornworm pupae to study central pattern generators (CPGs) and neural mechanisms. Video clip included.

A15 Earthworm Smooth Muscle

Use a force transducer and tissue bath with isolated earthworm gut to measure contractions and the effect of drugs. Video clip included.

A17 Frog Heart Intracellular Action Potentials

Examine electrical properties of myocardial cells in the vertebrate heart and study the effects of pharmacological probes on the cardiac action potential.

H01 12-Lead ECG

Record a 12-lead ECG.

H02 Compartmental Modeling

Explore Westheimer’s saccadic eye movement model with actual and model data.

H03 Nerve Conduction – MP30

Use the MP30 for Nerve Conduction Velocity along the ulnar nerve of a human subject. Video clip included.

H03 Nerve Conduction – MP36/35

Use the MP36 or MP35 for Nerve Conduction Velocity along the ulnar nerve of a human subject. Video clip included.

H04 Blood Pressure

Record (noninvasive) blood pressure response to isometric or straining exercise.

H05 WAnT Wingate Test

Record the Wingate Anaerobic Test and complete Wingate Test calculations. In this lesson, the WAnT is performed on a modified, plate loaded, Monark 818E work ergometer.

H06 Finger Twitch (SS12LA)

Use a Force transducer to record the finger twitch from a human subject. Video clips included.

H06 Finger Twitch (SS61L)

Use the Finger Twitch transducer to record the finger twitch from a human subject.


Active Learning Experiment for human EMG

H08 Dive Reflex

Active Learning ECG Dive Reflex Experiment

H09 Auditory Evoked Potential

Auditory Evoked Potential recordings from human subjects

H10 Hemispheric EEG

Electroencephalography (EEG) and Hemispheric Asymmetry

H11 Mirror Test EDA

Sensory-Motor Learning and Electrodermal Activity (EDA)

H12 Saccades EOG

EOG: Angular Displacement – Saccade Study

H13 Tracking EOG

EOG: Tracking study – Effect of visual stimulation vs. imagination

H14 Fixation I EOG

EOG: Ocular Fixations while reading (Part one: 3-lead)

H15 Fixation II EOG

EOG: Ocular Fixations while viewing an image (Part two: 6-lead)

H16 Reflexes & Reaction Time

Active Learning: Reflexes & Reaction Time

H17 Biomechanics

Biomechanics (Goniometry & EMG)

H18 Automatic Noninvasive BP

Exercise Physiology: Automatic Noninvasive Blood Pressure

H19 VO2 & RER

Record and measure oxygen consumption and respiratory exchange ratio

H20 Filtering

Design and develop software-based digital filters and cascade 2nd-order biquads.

H21 Impedance Cardiography

Record and measure relative differences in Cardiac Output and Stroke Volume using a noninvasive bioimpedance technique.

H22 Visual Evoked Response

Visual Evoked Potential recordings from human subjects (P100 test)

H23 Signal Averaging ECG

Record ECG data under different experimental conditions and perform a Signal Averaged ECG recording for each segment of data.

H24 Habituation

Record EDR and Heart Rate response to repeated stimulus to demonstrate habituation and its probabilistic trend toward decreased response.

H25 BME Breadboard I

Schematics and design notes to build Active Filters, Sine Wave Generator, Logarithmic Amplifier, and Absolute Value Converter with SS39L and MP36, MP35, or MP30.

H26 BME Breadboard II

Block diagram to build ECG R-wave detector with SS39L and MP36, MP35, or MP30.

H27 Facial EMG

Record EMG response on the corrugator supercilii & zygomaticus major muscles.

H28 Reflex Response

Record knee and ankle reflex response with the SS36L Reflex Hammer transducer. Optional: Use SS20L Goniometer to measure angular movement in response to varying strike force.

H29 Basal Metabolic Rate

Record indirect basal metabolic rate (BMR) and post-exercise metabolic rate.

H30 Stroop Effect

Record strength of interference between associative tasks: naming & reading.

H31 Prepulse Inhibition

Record the startle response with and without a prepulse inhibition stimulus.

H32 Heart Rate Variability

Explore statistical measures, geometric measures, and spectral analysis in heart rate variability studies.

H33 FFT Fast Fourier

Build up a square wave composite waveform form sine components to examine the FFT.

H34 Electrogastrogram

Record an electrogastrogram (EGG) from a human subject.

H35 ROM/Sit & Reach

Perform Range of Motion (ROM) and Sit and Reach tests with a goniometer and compare to normative values.

H36 Muscular Biofeedback

Measure changes in EMG with maximal contraction, as compared to baseline, incorporating different combinations of visual and auditory feedback.

L01 Electromyography I
Standard & Integrated EMG
L02 Electromyography II

Mechanical Tasks

L03 Electroencephalography I
Relaxation & Brain Rhythms
L04 Electroencephalography II
Alpha Rhythms in the Occipital Lobe
L05 Electrocardiography I
Components of the ECG
L06 Electrocardiography II

Bipolar Leads (Leads I, II, III), Einthoven’s Law, Mean Electrical Axis on the Frontal Plane

L07 ECG & Pulse
Mechanical Action of the Heart, Peripheral Pressure Pulse, Plethysmography
L08 Respiratory Cycle I
Respiratory Rates, Relative Depths of Breathing, Regulation of Ventilation
L09 EDA & Polygraph
Electrodermal Activity & the Polygraph
L10 Electrooculogram I
Eye Movement; Saccades & Fixation During Reading
L11 Reaction Time I – Auditory Stimulus
Reaction Time & Learning with fixed-interval and random presentation tTrials of auditory (click) stimulation.
L11A Reaction Time II – Visual Stimulus

Reaction Time & Learning With Fixed-interval and Pseudo-random Presentation Trials of visual LED stimulation

L12 Pulmonary Function I
Volumes & Capacities


L13 Pulmonary Function II
Pulmonary Flow Rates (FEV1,2,3 and MVV)
L14 Biofeedback
Relaxation & Arousal
L15 Aerobic Exercise Physiology
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Adjustments During and After Exercise
L16 Blood Pressure
Indirect BP Measurement, Ventricular Systole and Diastole, Korotkoff Sounds, Mean Arterial Pressure
L17 Heart Sounds
Cardiac Valve Functions, Electrical & Mechanical Events
L20 Spinal Cord Reflexes

Anatomical and Physiological Elements of Simple Spinal Reflexes

S01 EMG 1 Motor Unit Recruitment

Motor Unit Recruitment

S02 EMG 2 Mechanical Work

Mechanical Work

S03 ECG1 Components of the ECG

Components of the ECG

S04 ECG 2


S05 EEG 1 Brain Rhythms
Brain Rhythms
S06 EEG 2 Alpha Rhythms in the Occipital Lobe

Alpha Rhythms in the Occipital Lobe

S08 EOG 1


S09 Biofeedback

Autonomic Nervous System

S10 Aerobic Exercise Physiology

Heart & Metabolic Demands

S11 Reaction Time

Brain Fixed & Pseudo-random Intervals

S12 Respiration – Apnea

The Respiratory System