In the following experiments, you will study some of the physiological and pharmacological properties of visceral smooth muscle taken from the rabbit ileum. (The ileum is the last part of the small intestine). You will vary the Ca 2+ concentration, and the temperature and oxygen content of the medium surrounding the muscle. In addition, you will investigate the effects of acetylcholine, atropine, and norepinephrine on the muscle tissue.
You will observe the recordings before and after the various treatments and look for and measure changes in the rhythmicity and in the tonus of the smooth muscle contractions. The Biopac Student Lab PRO will be used to record the contractions.
To study the effects of media ionic composition, temperature, and various pharmacological agents on the contraction of the visceral smooth muscle of the rabbit ileum.
In particular, the student should be able to:
outline some of the differences between skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle
distinguish structurally and functionally between two types of smooth muscle, visceral (single-unit) and multi-unit smooth muscle. State where you would expect to find each.
describe excitation-contraction coupling in smooth muscle and compare and contrast it with excitation-contraction coupling in skeletal muscle.
describe the following properties of visceral smooth muscle contraction: tonus, rhythmicity, rate, regularity, and amplitude. Describe how you would identify each of these characteristics in a chart recording.
discuss the importance of calcium in smooth muscle contraction. Describe the effect of removing calcium from the medium on smooth muscle contraction.
describe the effects of oxygen depletion, sustained depolarization and temperature changes on smooth muscle contractions.
describe how an increase in KCl in the extracellular fluid surrounding smooth muscle cells causes depolarization.
describe the effects of norepinephrine, acetylcholine, and atropine on smooth muscle contractions.
Tasks Performed by the Student
After preparing the smooth muscle for testing, the student will record (and compare to baseline) the effects of the following conditions:
change in temperature
norepinephrine and Acetylcholine
Add event markers throughout the recording.
The software automates the calibration procedure for the student. There are no knobs and dials to confuse the student.
Graph template files ensure consistent setup for subsequent Subjects or repeated trials—plus, you can easily add your own lesson plan to the onscreen journal.
The lesson will also work as part of a group study.
Biopac Student Lab Student Download
Student Prep & Distance Learning
Click the link(s) below for sample data and/or lesson procedure video(s), BSL PRO Lesson procedures (PDF) for human lessons*, and graph template files (*.gtl) for BSL PRO Lessons. If more than one .gtl is available, download the .gtl with the _suffix to match BSL version and hardware.
This lesson requires a Biopac Student Lab (BSL) System and the following hardware. If your BSL System does not include all hardware items, expand your system by selecting required items below. For more details, review the Lesson: L# BSL Lessons - see the Lab Manual or launch BSL; A# and H# BSL PRO Lessons, click the PDF link above to review full setup, recording, and analysis procedures.
Blowout Sale! These disposable snap electrodes provide the same signal transmission as reusable electrodes, with added convenience and hygiene. Each peel-and-stick foam-backed sheet has two electrode contacts and each electrode is pre-gelled. Designed for one use only. Use disposable snap electrodes with LEAD110 series electrode leads or any other BIOPAC lead specified for snap electrodes. […]
“Alan Macy: Scientist, Entrepreneur, and Visionary Community Builder” The Santa Barbara Independent honored Alan Macy as a Local Hero. “What makes Macy a Santa Barbara Independent Local Hero is the combination of vision, generosity, and persistence he has shown in bringing creative people together and in crafting innovative venues for them to collaborate. …For this, and for his […]
Good quality data is important for reliable physiological research. No longer restrained to wires or stationary devices, BIOPAC’s newly released Smart Center is a lightweight and compact system designed to acquire quality data. The portable, wireless device offers high fidelity physiological data, allowing for subjects to be untethered while being recorded. The system includes the […]