In the following experiments, you will study some of the physiological and pharmacological properties of visceral smooth muscle taken from the rabbit ileum. (The ileum is the last part of the small intestine). You will vary the Ca 2+ concentration, and the temperature and oxygen content of the medium surrounding the muscle. In addition, you will investigate the effects of acetylcholine, atropine, and norepinephrine on the muscle tissue.
You will observe the recordings before and after the various treatments and look for and measure changes in the rhythmicity and in the tonus of the smooth muscle contractions. The Biopac Student Lab PRO will be used to record the contractions.
To study the effects of media ionic composition, temperature, and various pharmacological agents on the contraction of the visceral smooth muscle of the rabbit ileum.
In particular, the student should be able to:
outline some of the differences between skeletal, cardiac and smooth muscle
distinguish structurally and functionally between two types of smooth muscle, visceral (single-unit) and multi-unit smooth muscle. State where you would expect to find each.
describe excitation-contraction coupling in smooth muscle and compare and contrast it with excitation-contraction coupling in skeletal muscle.
describe the following properties of visceral smooth muscle contraction: tonus, rhythmicity, rate, regularity, and amplitude. Describe how you would identify each of these characteristics in a chart recording.
discuss the importance of calcium in smooth muscle contraction. Describe the effect of removing calcium from the medium on smooth muscle contraction.
describe the effects of oxygen depletion, sustained depolarization and temperature changes on smooth muscle contractions.
describe how an increase in KCl in the extracellular fluid surrounding smooth muscle cells causes depolarization.
describe the effects of norepinephrine, acetylcholine, and atropine on smooth muscle contractions.
Tasks Performed by the Student
After preparing the smooth muscle for testing, the student will record (and compare to baseline) the effects of the following conditions:
change in temperature
norepinephrine and Acetylcholine
Add event markers throughout the recording.
The software automates the calibration procedure for the student. There are no knobs and dials to confuse the student.
Graph template files ensure consistent setup for subsequent Subjects or repeated trials—plus, you can easily add your own lesson plan to the onscreen journal.
The lesson will also work as part of a group study.
Student Prep & Distance Learning
Click the link(s) below for sample data and/or lesson procedure video(s), BSL PRO Lesson procedures (PDF) for human lessons*, and graph template files (*.gtl) for BSL PRO Lessons. If more than one .gtl is available, download the .gtl with the _suffix to match BSL version and hardware.
This lesson requires a Biopac Student Lab (BSL) System and the following hardware. If your BSL System does not include all hardware items, expand your system by selecting required items below. For more details, review the Lesson: L# BSL Lessons - see the Lab Manual or launch BSL; A# and H# BSL PRO Lessons, click the PDF link above to review full setup, recording, and analysis procedures.
This Mobita wearable physiological signal amplifier system records 32 channels of high-fidelity wireless EEG data with water electrodes. The system includes: Mobita base unit with onboard 3D accelerometer & trigger channel ConfiCap™ configured for 32-Channel EEG Headcap with 32 grommets for Water Based Electrodes Water Based Electrodes AcqKnowledge software This Mobita® System is uniquely suited to record wireless EEG for a variety of applications, such as […]
Hardware and software packages from BIOPAC allow commercial consumer marketing teams to easily combine precise eye tracking data with physiological data recording. Here are a few notable studies recording physiology with eye tracking data: Predicting Advertising Success: While neurophysiological methods have become increasingly popular to better understand marketing phenomena among academics and practitioners, the success of […]
BIOPAC ECG solutions have been used in several research studies, including many that pertain to consumer behavior or neuromarketing. We have collected a few notable articles recording ECG in consumer research: Impact of Malevolent Business Practices: With information on potentially suspect business practices more widely available than ever, it is important to understand what this […]