This BSL PRO lesson describes the hardware and software setup necessary to record smooth muscle from earthworm gut, in vitro.
To record the smooth muscle from an isolated segment of earthworm gut.
To measure the response of the smooth muscle during the administration of different drugs.
Observe the effect of temperature changes on the contractility of the smooth muscle.
* Plot log-dose response curves for 5HT or EPI, ACH and ACH in ATRO.
* This objective is covered in the introductory text and recording template for BSL 4 or above only.
Tasks Performed by the Student
Test the effects of change in temperature:
Adjust the tension adjuster so that there is a small amount of force being applied to the gut.
Record baseline and temperature
Bathe the earthworm in cold Earthworm Ringer and record temperature d Earthworm Ringer.
Bathe the earthworm with warm Earthworm Ringer and record the temperature.
Bathe the earthworm with room temperature Earthworm Ringer and record the temperature.
Test the effects of norepinephrine and acetylcholine:
Add saline with norepinephrine to the bath.
Drain and refill the bath with fresh Earthworm Ringer.
Add saline with acetylcholine to the bath.
Test the effects of chemical depolarization:
Add saline containing KCl to the bath.
Replace the KCl with regular Earthworm Ringer.
Replace the regular earthworm saline with calcium-free earthworm saline.
Add saline with KCl solution and observe the response.
Replace the bath with regular earthworm saline and allow the rhythmicity and contraction amplitude to return to normal.
Detailed Lesson Procedure (.pdf) and graph template file (.gtl) ensure consistent setup for subsequent Subjects or repeated trials.
BSL 4 and above: expanded lesson with comprehensive introductory text and updated template
Simplified setup – template detects hardware and adjusts calibration and scaling
Displays only necessary menus and measurements
BSL 3: original lesson and template; current release for -CS, -CT, -ES, -IT, -JP, and -RU translations.
Add event markers throughout the recording.
Software automates the calibration procedure for the student—no knobs and dials to confuse the student.
Easily add your own lesson plan to the onscreen journal.
The lesson will also work as part of a group study.
Student Prep & Distance Learning
Click the link(s) below for sample data and/or lesson procedure video(s), BSL PRO Lesson procedures (PDF) for human lessons*, and graph template files (*.gtl) for BSL PRO Lessons. If more than one .gtl is available, download the .gtl with the _suffix to match BSL version and hardware.
This lesson requires a Biopac Student Lab (BSL) System and the following hardware. If your BSL System does not include all hardware items, expand your system by selecting required items below. For more details, review the Lesson: L# BSL Lessons - see the Lab Manual or launch BSL; A# and H# BSL PRO Lessons, click the PDF link above to review full setup, recording, and analysis procedures.
fNIR Imaging Systems are stand-alone functional brain imaging solutions for continuous NIR spectroscopy (NIRS). They provide an in-lab cognitive function assessment and eliminate a great many of the drawbacks of a functional MRI. fNIR optical imaging technology measures neural activity and hemodynamic response in the prefrontal cortex. Subjects wear an fNIR sensor (IR light sources […]
BIOPAC provides software and hardware that allow for research teams to record and analyze respiration activity in physiological experimentation. Here are a few notable studies covering HRV, EMG, and EEG measurement. HRV (Jing Wei, Hong Luo, Si J. Wu, Paul P. Zheng, Genyue Fu, and Kang Lee) Humans encounter various stressful situations everyday at work, home, and school. Such stress when experienced at high degrees and/or […]
Alan Macy Answers Proust Questionnaire BIOPAC co-founder and R&D Director, Alan Macy, was interviewed recently by Roger Durling for the Santa Barbara Independent. The article, “The S.B. Questionnaire: Alan Macy,” provided a background excerpt of the Santa Barbara entrepreneurs’ past as well as his answers to the Proust Questionnaire. The biomedical technology developed at BIOPAC reflects an ambitious […]