The most common form of indirect blood pressure measurement employs a pressure cuff, pump and pressure transducer. This complete assembly is commonly referred to as a Sphygmomanometer.
Typically, the cuff is wrapped around the upper arm and is inflated to a pressure exceeding that of the brachial artery. This amount of pressure collapses the artery and stops the flow of blood to the arm. The pressure of the cuff is slowly reduced as the pressure in the cuff is monitored by the pressure transducer. As the pressure drops, it will eventually match the systolic (peak) arterial pressure. At this point, the blood is able to “squirt” through the brachial artery. This squirting results in turbulence which creates the Korotkoff sounds. The Korotkoff sounds are detected using an SS17L physiological sounds transducer. As the cuff pressure continues to drop, the pressure will eventually match the diastolic pressure of the artery. At this point the Korotkoff sounds stop completely, because the blood is now flowing unrestricted through the artery.
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The NICO Smart Amplifier is specifically designed to measure thoracic impedance for performing noninvasive cardiac output measurements. The amplifier terminates in two connectors for impedance (Z) and its derivative (dZ), and has a 3 m cable that connects directly to an AMI100D Amplifier Input Module. Use with EL500 series disposable electrodes and LEAD131 for a four-spot […]
NIRS and CNAP—Pairing great tools for great data Cerebral hemoglobin concentration (blood mass in the brain) is frequently measured in the prefrontal cortex, and systemic arterial blood pressure is known to be a variable factor based on the hemoglobin concentration. A leg pressure cuff was used to constrict and release blood flow to create a […]
BIOPAC’s just released Introductory ECG Guide addresses fundamental to advanced concerns to optimize electrocardiography data recording and analysis. Topics include: ECG Complex; Electrical and Mechanical Sequence of a Heartbeat; Systole and Diastole; Configurations for Lead I, Lead II, Lead III, 6-lead ECG, 12-lead ECG, precordial leads; Ventricular Late Potentials (VLPs); ECG Measurement Tools; Automated Analysis Routines […]