BIOPAC® Systems, Inc. Logo

196 – Cardiac Output Measurement – EBI100C

Cardiac Output can be determined, noninvasively, by employing electrical bio-impedance measurement techniques. Electrical bio-impedance is simply the characteristic impedance of a volume of tissue and fluid. In the case of Cardiac Output measures, the relevant tissue includes the heart and the immediate surrounding volume of the thorax. The relevant fluid is blood.

The EBI100C is designed to record the parameters associated with CO measurements. The EBI100C incorporates a precision high-frequency current source, which injects a very small (100 µA rms or 400 µA rms) current through the measurement tissue volume defined by the placement of a set of current source electrodes. A separate set of monitoring electrodes then measures the voltage developed across the tissue volume. Because the current is constant, the voltage measured is proportional to the characteristics of the biological impedance of the tissue volume.

The EBI100C measures both impedance magnitude and dZ/dt simultaneously. The EBI100C is capable of recording impedances at four different operational frequencies, from 12.5 kHz to 100 kHz. Usually, CO measurements are performed at a measurement frequency of either 50 kHz or 100 kHz.

Associated Applications

Spotlight On
NIBP100E Amplifier ships with 3 finger cuffs

Noninvasive Blood Pressure Amplifier

The NIBP100E noninvasive blood pressure system provides continuous, beat‐to‐beat, blood pressure signal and values (Sys, Dia, MAP) and Pulse Rate (PR)*.  The NIBP100E amplifier with CNAP™ technology is controlled by AcqKnowledge software (v5.0.7) for MP160 Research Systems. The system outputs a continuous blood pressure waveform that is similar to a direct arterial pressure waveform. The amplifier […]

View All
Latest News

New Citations | Physiological Measures to Understand Stress

BIOPAC provides software and hardware that allows research teams to study physiological measures related to stress. Here are a few notable studies using BIOPAC equipment for ECG, EDA, and EEG/ERP. Moms Moderating Stress Can relaxation techniques help lower stress on both mother and fetus? Using an MP36R Data Acquisition system to record ECG and EDA, this study […]

Electrocardiography Guide Now Available

BIOPAC’s comprehensive Introductory ECG Guide addresses fundamental to advanced concerns to optimize electrocardiography data recording and analysis. Topics include: ECG Complex; Electrical and Mechanical Sequence of a Heartbeat; Systole and Diastole; Configurations for Lead I, Lead II, Lead III, 6-lead ECG, 12-lead ECG, precordial leads; Ventricular Late Potentials (VLPs); ECG Measurement Tools; Automated Analysis Routines for extracting, […]

Read All
Request a Demonstration
Request a Demonstration