BIOPAC® Systems, Inc. Logo

196 – Cardiac Output Measurement – EBI100C

Cardiac Output can be determined, noninvasively, by employing electrical bio-impedance measurement techniques. Electrical bio-impedance is simply the characteristic impedance of a volume of tissue and fluid. In the case of Cardiac Output measures, the relevant tissue includes the heart and the immediate surrounding volume of the thorax. The relevant fluid is blood.

The EBI100C is designed to record the parameters associated with CO measurements. The EBI100C incorporates a precision high-frequency current source, which injects a very small (100 µA rms or 400 µA rms) current through the measurement tissue volume defined by the placement of a set of current source electrodes. A separate set of monitoring electrodes then measures the voltage developed across the tissue volume. Because the current is constant, the voltage measured is proportional to the characteristics of the biological impedance of the tissue volume.

The EBI100C measures both impedance magnitude and dZ/dt simultaneously. The EBI100C is capable of recording impedances at four different operational frequencies, from 12.5 kHz to 100 kHz. Usually, CO measurements are performed at a measurement frequency of either 50 kHz or 100 kHz.

Associated Applications

Spotlight On
Cardiac Output amplifier

NICO Smart Amplifier

The NICO Smart Amplifier is specifically designed to measure thoracic impedance for performing noninvasive cardiac output measurements. The amplifier terminates in two connectors for impedance (Z) and its derivative (dZ), and has a 3 m cable that connects directly to an AMI100D Amplifier Input Module. Use with EL500 series disposable electrodes and LEAD131 for a four-spot […]

View All
Latest News

New Citations | BIOPAC in NIBP Studies

NIRS and CNAP—Pairing great tools for great data Cerebral hemoglobin concentration (blood mass in the brain) is frequently measured in the prefrontal cortex, and systemic arterial blood pressure is known to be a variable factor based on the hemoglobin concentration. A leg pressure cuff was used to constrict and release blood flow to create a […]

Electrocardiography Guide Now Available

BIOPAC’s just released Introductory ECG Guide addresses fundamental to advanced concerns to optimize electrocardiography data recording and analysis. Topics include: ECG Complex; Electrical and Mechanical Sequence of a Heartbeat; Systole and Diastole; Configurations for Lead I, Lead II, Lead III, 6-lead ECG, 12-lead ECG, precordial leads; Ventricular Late Potentials (VLPs); ECG Measurement Tools; Automated Analysis Routines […]

Read All
Request a Demonstration
Request a Demonstration