A major factor affecting breath-by-breath respiratory gas measurements is the response time of the O2100C and CO2100C modules. Although the CO2100C module has somewhat faster response times than the O2100C module, both can seemingly create obstacles when performing relatively high-speed breath-by-breath ventilation measurements.
Typically, the O2100C and CO2100C modules are used in conjunction with a mixing chamber and non-rebreathing “T” valve to measure varying gas concentration levels as a function of time. The mixing chamber and “T” valve effectively construct a smoothing filter for expired gases. Because the gas concentrations can change only gradually in this configuration, it is simple to monitor the changing oxygen and carbon dioxide levels present in the mixing chamber.
An alternate, and more difficult, measurement scenario is where oxygen or carbon dioxide concentrations need to be measured exactly, at particular points during a single respiration. In this case, it is very important that the module be able to keep up with the expected rate of change of gas concentration.
This application note will concentrate on methods to improve the response time of the O2100C module. When necessary, the same principles will apply to enhance the speed of the CO2100C module.
The Chronos® USB-based response and stimulus device features millisecond accuracy in the areas of stimulus, response, sound output, and external device communication—this level of timing accuracy cannot be achieved using a keyboard, mouse, or onboard sound card. Chronos also gives users a solution for communicating with external devices (up to 16 digital inputs and outputs) […]
“Alan Macy: Scientist, Entrepreneur, and Visionary Community Builder” The Santa Barbara Independent honored Alan Macy as a Local Hero. “What makes Macy a Santa Barbara Independent Local Hero is the combination of vision, generosity, and persistence he has shown in bringing creative people together and in crafting innovative venues for them to collaborate. …For this, and for his […]
Good quality data is important for reliable physiological research. No longer restrained to wires or stationary devices, BIOPAC’s newly released Smart Center is a lightweight and compact system designed to acquire quality data. The portable, wireless device offers high fidelity physiological data, allowing for subjects to be untethered while being recorded. The system includes the […]