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Physiological measurements – life science signals using BIOPAC

Commonly performed life science measurements are listed below by name and acronym. BIOPAC has data acquisition and analysis solutions for all of these and many more…contact support@biopac.com with a specfic question.

Bioimpedance

Bioimpedance Analysis (BIA)
Body Cell Mass (BCM)
Body Fat (BF)
Electrical Bioimpedance (EBI)
Electroglottalgraphy (EGG or EGLG)
Extracellular Water (ECW)
Fat Free Mass (FFM)
Multi-frequency Bioimpedance Analysis (MFBIA)
Thoracic Electrical Bioimpedance (TEB)
Total Body Water (TBW)

Blood Gases

Arterial Blood Gas  (ABG)
Blood Oxygen Saturation determined by Pulse Oximetry (SpO2)
Oxygen Saturation in Arterial Blood (SaO2)
Partial Pressure CO2 (pCO2)
Partial Pressure O2 (pO2)

Electrocardiography

Baroreflex Sensitivity (BRS)
Beats per Minute (BPM)
Electrocardiography (ECG)
Heart Rate (HR)
Heart Rate Recovery (HRR)
Heart Rate Variability (HRV)
High Frequency QRS (HFQRS)
High Resolution Electrocardiography (HRECG)
Interbeat Interval (IBI)
Respiratory Sinus Arrhythmia (RSA)
Ventricular Late Potentials (VLP)

Electrodermal Activity

Electrodermal Activity (EDA)
Electrodermal Level (EDL)
Electrodermal Response (EDR)
Galvanic Skin Response (GSR) – obsolete terminology
Skin Conductance (SC)
Skin Conductance Level (SCL)
Skin Conductance Response (SCR)
Skin Potential Level (SPL)
Skin Potential Response (SPR)
Skin Resistance Level (SRL)
Skin Resistance Response (SRR)
Sympathetic Skkin Response (SSR)

Electroencephalography

Auditory Evoked Potential (AEP)
Auditory Evoked Response (AER)
Auditory Steady State Response (ASSR)
Bereitschaftspotential (BP)
Brain Computer Interface (BCI)
Contingent Negative Variation (CNV)
Electrocorticography (ECoG)
Electrocorticography (ECoG)
Electroencephalography (EEG)
Event Related Potential (ERP)
Excitatory Post-Synaptic Potential (EPSP)
Full-band EEG (FbEEG)
functional Near-infrared Spectroscopy (fNIRS)
Infra Slow Oscillations (ISO)
Inhibitory Post-Synaptic Potential (IPSP)
Intracranial EEG (iEEG)
Intracranial Electroencephalography (iEEG)
Lateralized Readiness Potential (LRP)
Local Field Potential (LFP)
Long-Term Potentiation (LTP)
Magnetoencephalography (MEG)
Movement-Related Cortical Potential (MRCP)
Olfactory Event Related Potential (OERP)
Post-Reinforcement Synchronization (PRS)
Post-Synaptic Potential (PSP)
Quantitative EEG (qEEG)
Readiness Potential (RP)
Sensorimotor Rhythm (SMR)
Sensory Evoked Potential (SEP)
Slow Cortical Auditory Evoked Potential (SCAEP)
Slow Cortical Potentials (SCP)
Somatosensory Evoked Response (SSER)
Steady State Visual Evoked Potential (SSVEP)
surface Electroencephalography (sEEG)
Visual Evoked Potential (VEP)
Visual Evoked Response (VER)
Voice-Related Cortical Potential (VRCP)

Electrogastrography

Electrical Control Activity (ECA)
Electrical Response Activity (ERA)
Electrogastrography (EGG)
Gastric Myoelectrical Activity (GMA)

Electromyography

Action Potential (AP)
Compound Motor Unit Action Potential (CMUAP)
Compound Muscle Action Potential (CMAP)
Electromyography (EMG)
Motor Unit Action Potential (MUAP)
Muscle Fiber Action Potential (MFAP)
Sensory Nerve Action Potential (SNAP)
Single-Fiber Electromyography (SFEMG)
Stimulus-evoked Electromyography (stEMG)
Surface Electromyography (sEMG)
Surface Motor Unit Action Potential (SMUAP)

Electrooculography and Eye Movement

Electronystagmography (ENG)
Electrooculography (EOG)
Eye-Fixation Related Potential (EFRP)
Fast Phase Eye Velocity (FPEV)
Infrared Reflection Oculography (IROG)
Lambda Response (LR)
Saccadic Eye Movement (SEM)
Saccadic Eye Movement Related Potential (SEMRP)
Slow Component Velocity (SCV)
Slow Phase Eye Velocity (SPEV)
Smooth Pursuit Eye Movements (SPEM)
Spontaneous Nystagmus (SPN)
Vestibulo-ocular Reflex (VOR)
Video-based Oculography (VOG)

Evoked Response

Auditory Brainstem Response (ABR)
Auditory Evoked Potential (AEP)
Auditory Evoked Response (AER)
Auditory Middle Latency Response (MLR)
Auditory Steady State Response (ASSR)
Brain Computer Interface (BCI)
Brainstem Auditory Evoked Potential (BAEP)
Early Receptor Potential (ERP)
Electroneurogram (ENG)
Electroretinography (ERG)
Middle Latency Auditory Evoked Potential (MAEP)
Motor Evoked Potential (MEP)
Nerve Conduction Velocity (NCV)
Olfactory Event Related Potential (OERP)
Oscillatory Potential (OP)
Sensory Evoked Potential (SEP)
Slow Cortical Auditory Evoked Potential (SCAEP)
Somatosensory Evoked Response (SSER)
Steady State Visual Evoked Potential (SSVEP)
Stimulus-Response (S-R)
Transcranial Motor Evoked Potential (TcMEP)
Visual Evoked Cortical Potential (VECP)
Visual Evoked Potential (VEP)
Visual Evoked Response (VER)

Hemodynamics

Arterial Blood Pressure (ABP)
Beats per Minute (BPM)
Blood Pressure (BP)
Central Aortic Pressure (CAP)
Central Venous Pressure (CVP)
Continuous Noninvasive Arterial Pressure (CNAP)
Diastolic Blood Pressure (DBP or PDias)
Laser Doppler Flow (LDF)
Left Atrial Pressure (LAP)
Left Ventricular End Diastolic Pressure (LVEDP)
Left Ventricular Pressure (LVP)
Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP or Pmean)
Noninvasive Blood Pressure (NIBP)
Peak to Peak Blood Pressure (PPBP)
Pressure-Volume Loop (PV)
Pulmonary Artery Diastolic Pressure (PAD)
Pulmonary Artery Mean Pressure (PAM)
Pulmonary Artery Systolic Pressure (PAS)
Pulmonary Artery Systolic Pressure (PAS)
Pulmonary Vascular Resistance (PVR)
Right Atrial Pressure (RAP)
Right Ventricular End Diastolic Pressure (RVEDP)
Right Ventricular Pressure (RVP)
Systemic Vascular Resistance (SVR)
Systolic Blood Pressure (SBP or PSys)
Total Peripheral Capacitance (TPC)
Total Peripheral Resistance (TPR)

Imaging

Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL)
Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (BOLD)
Computed Axial Tomography (CAT)
Computed Tomography (CT)
Diffusion Magnetic Resonance Imaging (dMRI)
Diffusion Tensor Imaging (DTI)
Diffusion Weighted Imaging (DWI)
Echo Planar Imaging (EPI)
Fast Spin Echo (FSE)
Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (fMRI)
Gradient Echo (GE)
Inversion Recovery (IR)
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
Nuclear Magnetic Resonance (NMR)
Positron Emission Tomography (PET)
Spin Echo (SE)

Metabolic Activity

Atmospheric Temperature and Pressure, Saturated (APTS)
Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR)
Body Temperature and Pressure, Saturated (BPTS)
Cardiopulmonary Exercise Testing (CPX)
End Tidal CO2 (ETCO2)
Evaporated Water Loss (EVL)
Fractional Carbon Dioxide content of Expired Air (FECO2)
Fractional Carbon Dioxide content of Inspired Air (FICO2)
Fractional Oxygen content of Expired Air (FEO2)
Fractional Oxygen content of Inspired Air (FIO2)
Respiratory Exchange Ratio (RER)
Respiratory Quotient (RQ)
Resting Metabolic Rate (RMR)
Standard Temperature and Pressure, Dry (SPTD)
Volume of Carbon Dioxide Consumed (VCO2)
Volume of Oxygen Consumed (VO2)

Movement

Goniometry (GON)
Mechanomyography (MMG)
Phonomyography (PMG)
Range of Motion (ROM)
Tri-axial Accelerometry (TA)
Vibromyography (VMG)

Noninvasive Cardiac Output

Acceleration Index (AI)
Cardiac Index (CI)
Cardiac Output (CO)
Ejection Fraction (EF)
Impedance Cardiography (ICG)
Left Cardiac Work (LCW)
Left Ventricular Ejection Time (LVET)
Noninvasive Cardiac Output (NICO)
Preejection Period (PEP)
Stroke Index (SI)
Stroke Volume (SV)
Thoracic Impedance Cardiography (TIC)
Total Peripheral Resistance (TPR)
Velocity Index (VI)
Ventricular Contractility (VC)

Plethysmography

Blood Volume Pulse (BVP)
Digital Volume Pulse (DVP)
Impedance Plethysmography (IPG)
Penile Plethysmography (PnPG)
Photo Plethysmography (PPG)
Pneumo Plethysmography (PnuPG)
Pulse Transit Time (PTT)
Pulse Volume Recording (PVR)
Pulse Wave Amplitude (PWA)
Pulse Wave Velocity (PWV)
Strain Gauge Plethysmography (SPG)
Vaginal Plethysmography (VPG)

Polysomnography

Apnea Index (AI)
Non-rapid Eye Movement (NREM)
Polysomnography  (PSG)
Rapid Eye Movement (REM)
Restless Leg Syndrome (RLS)
Slow Wave Sleep (SWS)

Respiratory Activity

Expiratory Reserve Volume (ERV)
Forced Expiratory Vital Capacity (FVC)
Forced Expiratory Volume (FEV)
Forced Vital Capacity (FVC)
Functional Residual Capacity (FRC)
Functional Residual Capacity (FRC)
Inspiratory Reserve Volume (IRV)
Peak Expiratory Flow (PEF)
Peak Inspiratory Flow (PIF)
Peak Inspiratory Pressure (PIP)
Positive Airway Pressure (PAP)
Positive End Expiratory Pressure (PEEP)
Positive Expiratory Pressure (PEP)
Pressure-Volume Loop (PV)
Pulmonary Function Testing (PFT)
Residual Volume (RV)
Respiration (RSP)
Respiratory Rate (RR)
Thoracic Gas Volume (TGV)
Total Lung Capacity (TLC)
Vital Capacity (VC)

Stimulation

Electrical Muscle Stimulation (EMS)
Functional Electrical Stimulation (FES)
High Definition Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (HD-tDCS)
Neuromuscular Electrical Stimulation (NMES)
Peripheral Nerve Stimulation (PNS)
Transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS)
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS)
Transcranial Slow Oscillation Stimulation (tSOS)
Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS)
Vagus Nerve Stimulation (VNS)

Temperature

Basal Body Temperature (BBT)
Core Body Temperature (CBT)
Mean Body Temperature (MBT)
Skin Temperature (SKT)
Surface Skin Temperature (SST)

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