The AcqKnowledge Rate Detector is critical to the ability of AcqKnowledge to extract information from physiological data that has a degree of periodicity. Physiological data which can be investigated using Rate detection include:
Flow Peak, Flow Min, Flow Mean
Systolic, Diastolic, Mean, dP/dt Max, dP/dt Min
Heart Rate or Inter-Beat-Interval recording
spikey (high slew rate or sharp amplitude transitions)
Zero Crossing or Mean Frequency analysis
Goinometer (joint angle)
Spike counting, Frequency
Pulse Rate, Inter-Beat
Most physiological data which is periodic in nature is smoothly varying.
However, important data types that are “spikey” include ECG and EMG.
The AcqKnowledge Rate Detector incorporates a significant amount of flexibility to optimize performance when extracting data from periodic physiological waveforms. The Rate Detector Algorithm is a procedure whereby some special cyclic property of a waveform is determined by a search for waveform peaks or valleys. This application note explains the major component functionality of the Rate Detector algorithm that facilitates the search for these peaks and includes a discussion on signal conditioning methods that will help render optimal results when the Rate Detector tool is applied.
Psychophysiology - Record and analyze BP, ECG, HRV, EDA, EMG, EEG, EOG, RSP, etc. Interface to stimulus presentation programs...use automated analysis routines to easily score and analyze data.
ICG: Impedance Cardiography/Cardiac Output - Record cardiac output, thoracic impedance changes, or any kind of bioimpedance signal. Use AcqKnowledge for a fully automated ICG analysis and dZ/dt waveform classifier.
Plethysmography - Record PPG, measure BP indirectly, look at appendage size variations, and perform sexual arousal studies using BIOPAC or 3rd-party transducers.
Sleep Studies - Long term recordings with up to 16 channels of data. Record EEG, EOG, EMG, respiration, temp., sound, limb position and more. Filter out EEG frequencies to score sleep stages.
ECG: Cardiology - Connect up to 16 ECG input leads with MP160 system. Use automated analysis features for HRV, RSA, to classify heartbeats, identify arrhythmias, and perform ECG averaging.
Cardiovascular Hemodynamics - Hardware for human and animals. Measure continuous BP, ECG, stroke volume, cardiac output, PPG, etc. For animal and tissue look at acute and chronic dose-response.
In vitro Pharmacology - Record from tissue bath, isolated organ, Ussing chamber, or use field stimulation. Advanced algorithms analyze Langendorff, working heart, and isolated perfused lung data.
Laser Doppler Flow - Record microvascular circulation invasively or noninvasively with LDF100C. Look at the effects of drugs, exercise, inadequate blood supply, and tissue ischemia.
MER: Micro-electrode Recording - Use micro-electrodes and MCE100C amplifier to record in-vivo or in-vitro from organisms, organs, tissues, brain slices, and cells. Record from up to 16 amplifiers simultaneously.
Respiration | Pulmonary Function - Perform lung volume measurements, examine pressure/volume relationships, and analyze respiratory gases. Use AcqKnowledge to integrate airflow and analyze data.
Exercise Physiology - Examine ventilation, oxygen uptake, carbon dioxide production, biopotentials, temp., and biomechanical signals simultaneously. Record wirelessly with BioNomadix.
Biomechanics - Use BIOPAC equipment for gait analysis, goniometry, ergonomics evaluation, range of motion, EMG, Remote Monitoring or to interface with third-party equipment.
Remote Monitoring - BioNomadix modules provide high quality, full-bandwidth data for a variety of signals—ECG, EEG, EGG, EMG, EOG, PPG, RSP, SKT, Accelerometry, Cardiac Output, Dynamometry, and Heel-Toe Strike.
Amplifiers & Interfaces - Use BIOPAC amplifiers with MP Systems, as stand-alone devices, or with 3rd-party flow meters, force plates, sono-micrometers, telemetry equipment, metabolic carts, etc.
Stim-Response | Virtual Reality - Synchronize events from a virtual world with physiological data from an MP150 system. Use feedback loops for greater control and automation—change the VR world in real time.
New series of unshielded 45 cm electrode leads with thin cable; suitable for facial EMG and other areas where lighter, shorter lead cables are required. Use for female Touchproof connectors to pinch clip connectors—connect electrodes to either a C-series amplifier or an MEC. The pinch connectors are light weight and the lead cable tinsel wire […]
The new issue of Psychophysiology has a study “Quantifying rapid changes in cardiovascular state with a moving ensemble average” using MEAP for preprocessing/analysis and BIOPAC hardware and software for data collection, display, and storage. The proof of concept study demonstrates a viable method for the adoption of ICG measures across the field of psychophysiology. MEAP (moving ensemble […]
BIOPAC provides software and hardware that allow for research teams to record and analyze respiration activity in physiological experimentation. Here are a few notable studies covering MRI, ECG, and Laser Doppler Flow measurement. fMRI & Thermal Perception: The neural mechanisms underlying thermal perception (how hot or cold we perceive the temperature to be) have not been fully […]