A startle response is elicited by an intense stimulus with a sudden or abrupt onset such as the slamming of a door. The function of the startle response is to interrupt or disengage an organism from ongoing activity. The human startle response involves both somatic and cardiovascular components, seen in the form of a reflexive eye-blink or a whole-body jerk.
One method that is used in startle research involves the presentation of a weak, non-startling stimulus a brief time before the startle-eliciting stimulus. The weaker stimulus is called a prepulse or lead stimulus. Generally, this stimulus does not elicit a startle response. However, it can inhibit the response to a startle-eliciting stimulus, known as the prepulse inhibition of a startle effect (PPI).
The NICO Smart Amplifier is specifically designed to measure thoracic impedance for performing noninvasive cardiac output measurements. The amplifier terminates in two connectors for impedance (Z) and its derivative (dZ), and has a 3 m cable that connects directly to an AMI100D Amplifier Input Module. Use with EL526 strip electrodes and CBL246 adapter or with EL500 […]
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is responsible for regulating the functions of all the body’s organs. Take a look at this month’s citations to see how to apply BIOPAC’s tools and learn techniques for ANS research… Comparable responses to a wide range of olfactory stimulation in women and men. Scientific Reports, 13(1), 9059. Lillqvist, M., Claeson, […]
BIOPAC’s comprehensive Introductory ECG Guide addresses fundamental to advanced concerns to optimize electrocardiography data recording and analysis. Topics include: ECG Complex; Electrical and Mechanical Sequence of a Heartbeat; Systole and Diastole; Configurations for Lead I, Lead II, Lead III, 6-lead ECG, 12-lead ECG, precordial leads; Ventricular Late Potentials (VLPs); ECG Measurement Tools; Automated Analysis Routines for extracting, […]