Apply a drop of gel to the electrode (but not so much as to spread and prevent it from sticking well); apply to pre-gelled disposable electrodes if they look dry or do not provide a strong signal.
Wait at least 5 minutes before starting the recording so that the gel can be absorbed into the skin; this will reduce the impedance.
Check the impedance level—use the “Electrode Check” built-in impedance checker on MP3X units, or add BIOPAC’s EL-CHECK to your recording protocol to measure the impedance between surface electrodes attached to a subject before you begin recording…then correct any noise issues before you begin to record great data!
EL-CHECK is suitable for measuring electrode contact impedance for all surface biopotential measurements, including those for ECG, EEG, EGG, EMG, EOG, Bioimpedance and Impedance Cardiography. The EL-CHECK permits simultaneous connection of up to three electrode leads, for quick impedance checking between any two electrodes.
As a rule of thumb, impedance levels below 10 kOhms are ideal, and the lower the better.
To prevent movement artifacts, use tape to attach the electrode leads to the skin. Unless recording fMRI/MRI, make a loop with the electrode lead cable under the tape to reduce the chance of dislodging the electrode due to a sudden pull.
Each amplifier has several gain settings. Use the highest gain setting possible which does not cause data to clip (data will clip when the signal is amplified so much that it goes beyond the -10 to +10 volt range of the system). High gain takes full advantage of the high resolution capability of the system and increases measurement sensitivity.
When calibrating a transducer, whenever possible use calibration values that encompass the range in which you will be recording. For example, if you are using a force transducer and anticipate working in the range 5 to 50 grams, use a 5 gram and a 50 gram weight for calibrating.
For airflow transducers, use flow rates that are similar to those you intend to record.
The NICO Smart Amplifier is specifically designed to measure thoracic impedance for performing noninvasive cardiac output measurements. The amplifier terminates in two connectors for impedance (Z) and its derivative (dZ), and has a 3 m cable that connects directly to an AMI100D Amplifier Input Module. Use with EL526 strip electrodes and CBL246 adapter or with EL500 […]
The autonomic nervous system (ANS) is responsible for regulating the functions of all the body’s organs. Take a look at this month’s citations to see how to apply BIOPAC’s tools and learn techniques for ANS research… Comparable responses to a wide range of olfactory stimulation in women and men. Scientific Reports, 13(1), 9059. Lillqvist, M., Claeson, […]
BIOPAC’s comprehensive Introductory ECG Guide addresses fundamental to advanced concerns to optimize electrocardiography data recording and analysis. Topics include: ECG Complex; Electrical and Mechanical Sequence of a Heartbeat; Systole and Diastole; Configurations for Lead I, Lead II, Lead III, 6-lead ECG, 12-lead ECG, precordial leads; Ventricular Late Potentials (VLPs); ECG Measurement Tools; Automated Analysis Routines for extracting, […]