BIOPAC® Systems, Inc. Logo

109 – 3-, 6-, and 12-Lead ECG

An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a graphic recording of the changes occurring in the electrical potentials between different sites on the skin (leads) as a result of cardiac activity. Depolarization of the cardiac cells is the central electrical event of the heart. This occurs when the cardiac cells, which are electrically polarized, lose their internal negativity. Depolarization is distributed from cell to cell, producing a wave of depolarization that can be transmitted across the entire heart. This wave represents a flow of electricity and it can be detected by electrodes placed on the surface of the body. Once depolarization is complete, the cardiac cells are able to restore their resting polarity through a process called repolarization. This flow of electricity can also be sensed by recording electrodes.

ECG data recording

One common placement of the electrodes is based on Einthoven’s triangle, which is an imaginary triangle drawn around the volume of the heart. Each apex of the triangle represents where the body’s composition, around the heart, connects electrically with the limbs. Einthoven’s law states that if the values for any two points of the triangle are known, the third can be computed.

This Application Note details 1-lead ECG, 3-lead ECG, 6-lead ECG, and 12-lead ECG.

See alsoContinuous 12-lead ECG – App Note #AH-206

Associated Files

Associated Applications

Spotlight On
BSL MP41 kit rental

Practical Lab Kit for Remote Learning

BSL Home rentals enable students to conduct hands-on physiology labs in the safety of their own home, dorm room, or any remote location while social distancing and stay-at-home orders keep them out of campus labs Complete lab solution to preserve practical lab experience!  For instructors—BSL Home makes it easy for instructors to continue running practical […]

View All
Latest News

New Citations | Respiration Analysis and More

Comparing Diaphragm Tissue Between Healthy and Ill Patients The human diaphragm is one of the primary muscles used in respiration, contracting and expanding to control breathing. To measure how much diaphragms move for critically ill patients (in an Intensive Care Unit) compared to diaphragms in a healthy subject, patients at “Papageorgiou” General Hospital in Thessaloniki, […]

BIOPAC Systems Helps STARK Industries Launch VITAL Ventilator for NASA JPL

BIOPAC’s ventilator testing equipment and expertise supports STARK Industries’ effort to manufacture, validate, and test NASA JPL’s VITAL Ventilators Goleta, California – June 16, 2020 BIOPAC Systems, Inc. announced a partnership with STARK Industries, LLC to provide ventilator validation and testing equipment for the mass production of ventilators. STARK Industries was awarded a global license […]

Read All
Request a Demonstration
Request a Demonstration