This application note is concerned with the recording of Zygomaticus measures using a pressure pad transducer vs. EMG electrodes during MRI or fMRI investigations. With some MRI protocols, especially those with extensive and rapid gradient switching cycles, it has proven helpful to employ indirect methods of recording facial EMG activity to better isolate periods of activity. BIOPAC has successfully employed a pressure pad transducer to record minute changes in muscle contraction simultaneously with EMG, such as on the Zygomaticus, to obtain a measure of smiling.
The following BIOPAC products were used for this measurement:
MP150WSW data acquisition system with AcqKnowledge
EMG100C electromyogram amplifier module
LEAD110S shielded leads (x2) and LEAD110 lead
EL254S 4 mm Ag-AgCl recording electrodes
Optional MEC110C module extension cable (C-series amplifier to Touchproof)
DA100C general-purpose transducer amplifier
TSD110-MRI pressure pad transducer—consists of TSD160A differential pressure transducer, RX110 sensor, and AFT30-XL tubing.
The NICO Smart Amplifier is specifically designed to measure thoracic impedance for performing noninvasive cardiac output measurements. The amplifier terminates in two connectors for impedance (Z) and its derivative (dZ), and has a 3 m cable that connects directly to an AMI100D Amplifier Input Module. Use with EL500 series disposable electrodes and LEAD131 for a four-spot […]
NIRS and CNAP—Pairing great tools for great data Cerebral hemoglobin concentration (blood mass in the brain) is frequently measured in the prefrontal cortex, and systemic arterial blood pressure is known to be a variable factor based on the hemoglobin concentration. A leg pressure cuff was used to constrict and release blood flow to create a […]
BIOPAC’s just released Introductory ECG Guide addresses fundamental to advanced concerns to optimize electrocardiography data recording and analysis. Topics include: ECG Complex; Electrical and Mechanical Sequence of a Heartbeat; Systole and Diastole; Configurations for Lead I, Lead II, Lead III, 6-lead ECG, 12-lead ECG, precordial leads; Ventricular Late Potentials (VLPs); ECG Measurement Tools; Automated Analysis Routines […]