An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a graphical recording of the changes occurring in the electrical potentials between different sites on the skin as a result of cardiac activity. The electrical activity of the heart is a sequence of depolarizations and repolarizations. Depolarization occurs when the cardiac cells, which are electrically polarized, lose their internal negativity. The spread of depolarization travels from cell to cell, producing a wave of depolarization across the entire heart. This wave represents a flow of electricity that can be detected by electrodes placed on the surface of the body. Once depolarization is complete, the cardiac cells are restored to their resting potential, a process called repolarization.
This flow of energy takes on the form of the ECG wave and is characterized by an initial P wave, followed by the QRS complex, and then the T wave. The P wave is associated with depolarization of the atria, the QRS complex is associated with depolarization of the ventricles, and the T wave with repolarization of the ventricles.
This application note is designed to assist with the advanced analysis of ECG data, specifically P, Q, R, S and T Wave analysis. This Application Note describes how to set up the Biopac Student Lab software to find R time, R height, Rate, Inter-Beat Interval, S height, P height, Q height, and T height and how to place your measurements into the journal.
Cardiovascular Hemodynamics - Hardware for human and animals. Measure continuous BP, ECG, stroke volume, cardiac output, PPG, etc. For animal and tissue look at acute and chronic dose-response.
Remote Monitoring - BioNomadix modules provide high quality, full-bandwidth data for a variety of signals—ECG, EEG, EGG, EMG, EOG, PPG, RSP, SKT, Accelerometry, Cardiac Output, Dynamometry, and Heel-Toe Strike.
Smart Center Stand-alone, Portable Wireless Physiology Systems Smart Center Essentials entry-level system includes a Smart Center Device (BN-SMART with USB power cable), 2 or 3 Transmitters (BN-xxx-T with chargers); AcqKnowledge for Smart Center, and a case. Smart Center Enhanced adds a Logger (BN-LOGGER) and Basic Scripting License (ACK100W-BAS) to the Smart Center Device (BN-SMART with powercable), 3 […]
BIOPAC provides software and hardware that allows research teams to study stimulus presentation data. Here are a few notable studies using BIOPAC equipment for research on stimuli’s effects using ECG and SCL data. Your Face Scares Me This study addressed the impact of individual differences in social anxiety by examining the effects of perceptual load and stimulus valence when […]
BIOPAC’s comprehensive Introductory ECG Guide addresses fundamental to advanced concerns to optimize electrocardiography data recording and analysis. Topics include: ECG Complex; Electrical and Mechanical Sequence of a Heartbeat; Systole and Diastole; Configurations for Lead I, Lead II, Lead III, 6-lead ECG, 12-lead ECG, precordial leads; Ventricular Late Potentials (VLPs); ECG Measurement Tools; Automated Analysis Routines for extracting, […]