An electrocardiogram (ECG) is a graphical recording of the changes occurring in the electrical potentials between different sites on the skin as a result of cardiac activity. The electrical activity of the heart is a sequence of depolarizations and repolarizations. Depolarization occurs when the cardiac cells, which are electrically polarized, lose their internal negativity. The spread of depolarization travels from cell to cell, producing a wave of depolarization across the entire heart. This wave represents a flow of electricity that can be detected by electrodes placed on the surface of the body. Once depolarization is complete, the cardiac cells are restored to their resting potential, a process called repolarization.
This flow of energy takes on the form of the ECG wave and is characterized by an initial P wave, followed by the QRS complex, and then the T wave. The P wave is associated with depolarization of the atria, the QRS complex is associated with depolarization of the ventricles, and the T wave with repolarization of the ventricles.
This application note is designed to assist with the advanced analysis of ECG data, specifically P, Q, R, S and T Wave analysis. This Application Note describes how to set up the Biopac Student Lab software to find R time, R height, Rate, Inter-Beat Interval, S height, P height, Q height, and T height and how to place your measurements into the journal.
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Electrodermal Activity (EDA) is an objective index for understanding emotional states. Researchers measure EDA to gain insights on psychological or physiological response, leading them down the path of scientific discovery. Because EDA is so important to research, BIOPAC has created tools to optimize event-related EDA analysis. Topics include: how to identify skin conductance responses, convert stim events from E-Prime SuperLab, Presentation, Vizard, etc., into AcqKnowledge events that can used for analysis, and score skin conductance responses using the AcqKnowledge automated EDA analysis tool.
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BIOPAC’s just released Introductory ECG Guide addresses fundamental to advanced concerns to optimize electrocardiography data recording and analysis. Topics include: ECG Complex; Electrical and Mechanical Sequence of a Heartbeat; Systole and Diastole; Configurations for Lead I, Lead II, Lead III, 6-lead ECG, 12-lead ECG, precordial leads; Ventricular Late Potentials (VLPs); ECG Measurement Tools; Automated Analysis Routines […]