This Application Note details various protocols for identifying a stimulation threshold for stimulation. The purpose of establishing this threshold is to ensure the subject’s comfort level and safely determine the point at which a stimulation signal becomes unpleasant, or even painful. This is accomplished by sending a series of very short stimulus pulses to the subject and gradually increasing the voltage. The subject then indicates his or her level of comfort or discomfort, and the stimulation is adjusted accordingly.
Case 1: MP150 + UIM100C + STM100C + STMISOLA (current and voltage mode) or STMISOC/D/E (voltage mode only) + LEAD110A x2 + EL509 + GEL104 Case 1a: MP160 + HLT100C + STM100C + STMISLOA or STMISOC/D/E + LEAD110A x2 + EL509 + GEL104
Case 2a: MP150 + UIM100C + STM200 + LEAD110A x2 + EL509 + GEL104 Case 2b: 3rd-party hardware and software + STM200 + LEAD110A x2 + EL509 + GEL104
Case 3: E-Prime + STMISOLA or STMISOC + LEAD110A x2 + EL509 + GEL104
ERS: Evoked Response - Record evoked, late, and field potentials, as well as startle and nerve conduction. Powerful on- and off-line averaging features (P300), and dual stimulation ability with the MP150.
Psychophysiology - Record and analyze BP, ECG, HRV, EDA, EMG, EEG, EOG, RSP, etc. Interface to stimulus presentation programs...use automated analysis routines to easily score and analyze data.
Stim-Response | Virtual Reality - Synchronize events from a virtual world with physiological data from an MP150 system. Use feedback loops for greater control and automation—change the VR world in real time.
fNIR Imaging Systems are stand-alone functional brain imaging solutions for continuous NIR spectroscopy (NIRS). They provide an in-lab cognitive function assessment and eliminate a great many of the drawbacks of a functional MRI. fNIR optical imaging technology measures neural activity and hemodynamic response in the prefrontal cortex. Subjects wear an fNIR sensor (IR light sources […]
BIOPAC provides software and hardware that allow for research teams to record and analyze respiration activity in physiological experimentation. Here are a few notable studies covering HRV, EMG, and EEG measurement. HRV (Jing Wei, Hong Luo, Si J. Wu, Paul P. Zheng, Genyue Fu, and Kang Lee) Humans encounter various stressful situations everyday at work, home, and school. Such stress when experienced at high degrees and/or […]
Alan Macy Answers Proust Questionnaire BIOPAC co-founder and R&D Director, Alan Macy, was interviewed recently by Roger Durling for the Santa Barbara Independent. The article, “The S.B. Questionnaire: Alan Macy,” provided a background excerpt of the Santa Barbara entrepreneurs’ past as well as his answers to the Proust Questionnaire. The biomedical technology developed at BIOPAC reflects an ambitious […]