This Application Note details various protocols for identifying a stimulation threshold for stimulation. The purpose of establishing this threshold is to ensure the subject’s comfort level and safely determine the point at which a stimulation signal becomes unpleasant, or even painful. This is accomplished by sending a series of very short stimulus pulses to the subject and gradually increasing the voltage. The subject then indicates his or her level of comfort or discomfort, and the stimulation is adjusted accordingly.
Case 1: MP150 + UIM100C + STM100C + STMISOLA (current and voltage mode) or STMISOC/D/E (voltage mode only) + LEAD110A x2 + EL509 + GEL104 Case 1a: MP160 + HLT100C + STM100C + STMISLOA or STMISOC/D/E + LEAD110A x2 + EL509 + GEL104
Case 2a: MP150 + UIM100C + STM200 + LEAD110A x2 + EL509 + GEL104 Case 2b: 3rd-party hardware and software + STM200 + LEAD110A x2 + EL509 + GEL104
Case 3: E-Prime + STMISOLA or STMISOC + LEAD110A x2 + EL509 + GEL104
ERS: Evoked Response - Record evoked, late, and field potentials, as well as startle and nerve conduction. Powerful on- and off-line averaging features (P300), and dual stimulation ability with the MP150.
Psychophysiology - Record and analyze BP, ECG, HRV, EDA, EMG, EEG, EOG, RSP, etc. Interface to stimulus presentation programs...use automated analysis routines to easily score and analyze data.
Stim-Response | Virtual Reality - Synchronize events from a virtual world with physiological data from an MP150 system. Use feedback loops for greater control and automation—change the VR world in real time.
The NICO Smart Amplifier is specifically designed to measure thoracic impedance for performing noninvasive cardiac output measurements. The amplifier terminates in two connectors for impedance (Z) and its derivative (dZ), and has a 3 m cable that connects directly to an AMI100D Amplifier Input Module. Use with EL500 series disposable electrodes and LEAD131 for a four-spot […]
NIRS and CNAP—Pairing great tools for great data Cerebral hemoglobin concentration (blood mass in the brain) is frequently measured in the prefrontal cortex, and systemic arterial blood pressure is known to be a variable factor based on the hemoglobin concentration. A leg pressure cuff was used to constrict and release blood flow to create a […]
BIOPAC’s just released Introductory ECG Guide addresses fundamental to advanced concerns to optimize electrocardiography data recording and analysis. Topics include: ECG Complex; Electrical and Mechanical Sequence of a Heartbeat; Systole and Diastole; Configurations for Lead I, Lead II, Lead III, 6-lead ECG, 12-lead ECG, precordial leads; Ventricular Late Potentials (VLPs); ECG Measurement Tools; Automated Analysis Routines […]